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2019年全国职称英语等级考试理工类B级题库

[] [] [] 发布人:博益智学习网   发布日期:2019-12-31 18:52   共 78 人浏览过

2019年全国职称英语等级考试(理工类B级)题库【历年真题+章节题库+模拟试题】

下载地址/Ebook/160789.html

《全国职称英语等级考试(理工类B级)题库》包括历年真题、章节练习和模拟试题三部分。

具体如下:

第一部分为历年真题。精选6年(2011~2016年)考试真题,考生既可以体验真实考试,也可以测试自己的水平。每道真题均提供名师详细解析。

第二部分为章节练习。遵循《全国专业技术人员职称英语等级考试大纲》和全国职称英语等级考试样题,按照最新的考试题型的章目编排,共分为词汇选项、阅读判断、概括大意和完成句子等6章。

第三部分为模拟试题。由职称英语(理工类)辅导名师根据历年命题规律及热门考点进行考前预测,其试题数量、试题难度完全仿真。


课后习题答案

第一部分 历年真题

2016年全国职称英语等级考试理工类B级真题及详解

第1部分:词汇选项(第1~15题,每题1分,共15分)

下面每个句子中均有1个词或短语划有底横线,请为每处划线部分确定1个最接近的选项。


第2部分:阅读判断 (第16~22题,每题1分,共7分)

下面的短文后列出了7个句子,请根据短文的内容对每个句子做出判断:如果该句提供的是正确信息,请选择A;如果该句提供的是错误信息,请选择B;如果该句的信息文中没有提及,请选择C。

The Theory of Everything

If Stephen Hawking lives until the year 2017, he will have lived more than 50 years longer than his doctors expected. When he was a college student, doctors discovered that he had a rare disease. This disease causes a gradual disintegration (分解) of the nerve cells in the brain cells that regulate voluntary muscle activity. Death almost always occurs within two or three years.

Today Stephen Hawking cannot walk or speak. He cannot move his arms or his head. He cannot taste or smell anything. And yet this man is Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge University, a position held by the famous scientist Isaac Newton in 1669.

Hawking is often described as the greatest scientist since Albert Einstein, but to the world outside science, he is also known as the man who made scientific theory understandable. His book, A Brief History of Time, has sold over eight million copies.

He says that since he does not have to think about his body or do any of the things other men have to worry about, such as washing the car or working in the yard, he can dedicate all of his time to thinking. This puts him in the perfect position to find the answer to the question that he has dedicated his life to. His question is: Is there a complete theory of the universe and everything in it?

Despite his tremendous physical disabilities, he has already made some very important discoveries about the origin of the universe, how the universe holds together, and how it will probably end. He has also been able to explain the secrets of “black holes” in space. Now he is looking for a set of rules that everything in our universe must obey. He calls it the Theory of Everything. He thinks that someone will have found the answer within the next 20 years.

If Stephen Hawking is able to find his Theory of Everything, he will have given the world the opportunity to understand things that will change the whole nature of science and probably also the way we live.

16. Stephen Hawking will be 50 years old by 2017.

A. Right 

B. Wrong  

C. Not mentioned

17. Stephen Hawking suffers from a rare brain disease.

A. Right 

B. Wrong  

C. Not mentioned

18. Stephen Hawking is Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge University.

A. Right 

B. Wrong  

C. Not mentioned

19. A Brief History of Time is very difficult for students to understand.

A. Right 

B. Wrong  

C. Not mentioned

20. Stephen Hawking has much time to think because he doesn’t have to work.

A. Right 

B. Wrong  

C. Not mentioned

21. Stephen Hawking has spent around ten years explaining the secrets of “black holes”.

A. Right 

B. Wrong  

C. Not mentioned

22. The Theory of Everything is about the rules that everything in the universe follows.

A. Right 

B. Wrong  

C. Not mentioned

【答案与解析】

16.B  定位:根据关键词50 years和2017可定位至文章第一段第一句。

   点睛:原文第一段第一句明确提到“he will have lived more than 50 years longer than his doctors expected”(他将比医生预测的时间多活了50年)。由此可知,霍金并不是在2017年才50岁,因此本题说法是错误的。故选B项。

17.A  定位:根据关键词rare disease可定位至文章第一段第二、三句。

点睛:原文第一段第三句明确提到“This disease causes a gradual disintegration (分解) of the nerve cells in the brain cells that regulate voluntary muscle activity.”(该疾病导致调节肌肉自主活动的脑细胞内部的神经细胞逐渐分解)。由此可知本题说法是正确的,故本题选A。

18.A  定位:根据关键词“Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge University”可定位至文章第二段最后一句。

点睛:原文第二段最后一句明确提到“this man is Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge University”(他是剑桥大学数学教授)。由此可知本题说法是正确的,故本题选A。

19.B  定位:根据关键词“A Brief History of Time”可定位至文章第三段。

点睛:原文第三段明确提到“he is also known as the man who made scientific theory understandable. His book, A Brief History of Time, has sold over eight million copies.”(他因为能将科学理论阐述的通俗易懂而为人们所知。他的书,《时间简史》已售出超过八百万复印本)。因此本题说法是错误的。故选B项。

20.A  定位:根据关键词think和work可定位至文章第四段第一句。

点睛:原文第四段第一句明确提到“he does not have to think about his body or do any of the things other men have to worry about, such as washing the car or working in the yard, he can dedicate all of his time to thinking.”(他不用考虑自己的身体或者像其他人一样做任何需要担忧的事,如洗车或者在院子里劳动,他可以将所有的时间都花在思考上)。由此可知本题说法是正确的,故本题选A。

21.C  点睛:文中并未提到他花了十年时间解释“黑洞”理论,故选C项。

22.A  定位:根据关键词“The Theory of Everything”可定位至文章第五段第三四句。

点睛:原文第五段第三四句明确提到“he is looking for a set of rules that everything in our universe must obey. He calls it the Theory of Everything.”(他正在寻找一套宇宙上所有事物都必须遵循的规则,他称之为万物理论)。由此可知本题说法是正确的,故本题选A。


第3部分:概括大意与完成句子(第23~30题,每题1分,共8分)

下面的短文后有2项测试任务:(1)第23~26题要求从所给的6个选项中为第1~4段每段选择1个最佳标题:(2)第27~30题要求从所给的6个选项中为每个句子确定1个最佳选项。


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